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To do this, provide a timestamp to show where the quoted passage occurs in the video:. In this case, the timestamp shows that the passage occurs two minutes and twenty seconds into the video. This is equivalent to giving page numbers when quoting a print source. As with other sources, YouTube videos cited in your work should be added to a reference list at the end of your document. The format for these references is:. Available at URL [Accessed date]. Keep in mind that Harvard referencing is not a single, unified system.
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As such, you should check your style guide in case the rules your university uses differ from those described here. Just remember to make your referencing clear and consistent throughout! Your email address will not be published. Writing Tips. When you have talked with, or written to someone, and gained some information or data that are not published, you should give credit to that person in the following way:. Mousse, pers.
Introduction - Citing references - LibGuides at University of Reading
In the Literature Cited you must provide complete citations for each of the published sources cited in your paper. The format for entries in the Literature Cited section differs for books and for journal papers because different kinds of information must be provided.
The formats provided here are typical, but may vary in different publications depending on their particular needs and practices. Some basic rules applicable to all formats indexed by author name s :. Bugjuice, B. The role of estrogen in mouse xxxx courtship behavior changes as mice age. J Physiol 62 6 Cratchet, R. Estrogen, schmestrogen! J Nutrition 33 6 Physiological effects of estrogen on mouse courtship behavior. J Physiol 40 2 Physiological effects of estrogen analogs: Insincere courtship xxxx behavior in female mice.
J Physiol 40 8 Each model is shown as the full citation plus the in-text citation format. Journal Article: Single author. Physiological effects of estrogen on mouse courtship Bugjuice OR Bugjuice Timm, T. The role of whisker length in mouse J Physiol 61 3 The role of estrogen in J Physiol 2 6 Bugjuice et al. Author s Unknown or Not Named. If the authorship of a paper or other document is not provided, cite the author using the word "Anonymous" in the place of the authors name s.
Department, Popville, Maine. Anonymous OR Anonymous Gumwad, G. Behavior patterns of mice.
Swinburne Harvard style guide
New York: Harper Gumwad OR Gumwad Huth, J. Robinson, P. Scientific format and style The CBE manual for authors, editors, and publishers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Huth et al. Kuret, J.
Adenohypophyseal hormones and related New York: Pergamon. Citing References in the Body Intro and Discussion of the Paper Throughout the body of your paper primarily the Intro and Discussion , whenever you refer to outside sources of information, you must cite the sources from which you drew information.
Top of Page Standard Text Citation Formats There are exceptions among the various journals, but generally, in biological journals, the most frequent types of citations are shown in the following examples in red : "It has been found that male mice react to estrogen treatment by a reduction in phase three of courtship behavior Gumwad ; Bugjuice Your Literature Cited section will contain the complete reference, and the reader can look it up there. Notice that the reference to the book has a page number Gumwad